Thursday, June 12,  2014

Today's Update! 

Southern University Official Has Been With Extension For Fifty Years 


 Nationwide and in Louisiana, the Cooperative Extension Service is celebrating its 100th anniversary, having been founded in 1914 with the passage of the Smith-Lever Act. For half of those years, a Louisianian, Leodrey Williams, has worked in extension, serving in a variety of capacities at both Southern University and in national leadership positions.  

Williams is currently the chancellor of the Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center. But his career began with a job title that became illegal six weeks after he was hired: assistant county agent for work with Negroes in Richland Parish. As civil rights reforms took effect, the Department of Justice ordered extension to change those titles.  

It was 1965, just five months after the Civil Rights Act passed. Although his work was occasionally disrupted by civil rights marches and rallies, Williams was an energetic one-man band, providing residents with information on everything from science to youth development to horticulture and community resource development.  

As activists promoted social changes that were resisted in the South, Williams met farmers who were reluctant to change their methods and did not always appreciate visits from county agents.  

Williams once stopped by a farm owned by a man who said he didn't need any help - in fact, he claimed to teach county agents things they didn't know. Williams believed him upon seeing his beautiful garden. "I said, 'I'd like to see everybody with a garden like this. I can't help you, but I can get you to help me to have everybody have a garden like this,'" Williams said. "That put him in a supporting role. He knew more about gardening, and he could help his neighbors."  

Getting people involved mattered because skeptical farmers could better learn from one another, Williams said. As an agent, he said it was important to draw on people's knowledge and use it to help in the big picture.  

All extension work in Louisiana originally took place through LSU. In 1971, Southern University set up its own extension office, where Williams was hired as an agriculture specialist. The only other employees at the time were the extension coordinator and two secretaries. The small team worked together to recruit staff and develop programs.  

In 1976, Williams came to LSU to serve as associate state agent, director of Equal Employment Opportunity and associate professor in the Department of Extension and International Education, positions he held for four years.  

Williams became the extension director at Southern University in 1980 and began gaining national recognition. In the early 1990s, he co-chaired a task force that examined ways to ensure the "upward mobility of extension," Williams said, which was a monumental effort.  

One major issue was funding, which comes from federal, state and local sources. At the time, participation in certain programs was limited to land-grant universities formed by the 1862 Morrill Act. But historically black universities, which were given land-grant status through the 1890 Morrill Act, were excluded. No one wanted to give up funding to help the other group, Williams said, so the task force established funding baselines that applied to all extension programs.  

Another recommendation the task force made was to designate an ombudsman to carry out their reforms. The national director asked Williams to fill that position. He was not sure he wanted the job because he would have to move to Washington, D.C.  

"I started thinking, I've served on many task forces and committees where nothing happened after they did their work," Williams said. "Now they're trying to implement something, and I've helped give leadership to this, and I'm refusing to do it."  

He agreed to take the job. Four months later, the national director retired and Williams took over. Now in charge of funding extension programs at the nation's 104 land-grant universities, Williams found himself in the middle of a national conversation about reorganizing government.  

As the U.S. Department of Agriculture downsized, Williams led the effort to merge the Cooperative State Research Service and Cooperative Extension System into one entity - the Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service, where he served as associate administrator of the newly formed agency.  

Williams returned as Southern's extension director in 1995. Soon after, he joined the 9/9/99 Club - a group of agriculture and extension professionals who aimed to retire on Sept. 9, 1999. The club included former LSU AgCenter Extension Director Jack Bagent, who retired in 2001, the same year Williams was asked to lead the newly-formed Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center.  

Today, Williams jokes that he is the best chancellor the Southern Ag Center has ever had - a justifiable statement, he explained, because he is the only one so far.

As chancellor, Williams has focused on developing the campus as a positive force in Louisiana and the agriculture community. Williams, who was inducted to the International Adult and Continuing Education Hall of Fame in 1996, said it is easy to stay busy if one is willing to learn from people and find ways to use knowledge to benefit everyone.  

To Williams, that is what extension is all about.  

"It's about people," he said. "No matter what you do, whether it's in community development, if it's in small business development, it's enhancing the socioeconomic quality of life for people. You have more people now than you had 100 years ago. As long as there are people with problems, there will be a need for extension."  



NCBA President Testifies To The Value Of Trade

The United States beef industry supports a strong export market. Yesterday,  National Cattlemen's Beef Association President and Victoria, Texas, cattleman, Bob McCan, testified before of the U.S. House Ways and Means Committee expressing the benefits of expanding agricultural trade and eliminating barriers to U.S. exports.
"The elimination of tariff and non-tariff trade barriers is a top priority for the U.S. beef industry, and I strongly encourage you to work with the Administration to craft current and future trade agreements based on free market, science-based principles," McCan said.
Beef demand continues to increase around the world. In 2013, foreign consumers purchased 1.17 million metric tons of U.S. beef at a total of $6.1 billion. According to CattleFax, a global leader in beef industry research, analysis, and information, exports accounted for $307 per head of fed cattle in 2013.
"With 96 percent of the world's consumers living outside of the U.S., access to foreign markets is vital for the future success of U.S. beef producers and rural America," McCan said. "For NCBA, the elimination of tariff and non-tariff trade barriers is a top priority for the U.S. beef industry. If there is one industry that has witnessed both the benefits and tragedies of U.S. trade policy it is the U.S. beef industry."
Free-trade agreements have led to increased profitability for producers and NCBA supports science-based and market-driven trade opportunities. In 1993, U.S. beef exports to Mexico were valued at $116 million. As a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement, Mexico eliminated its 15 percent tariff on live cattle slaughter, the 20 percent tariff on chilled beef and the 25 percent tariff on frozen beef. In 2013, Mexico is now our third largest export market, valued at nearly $1 billion.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a new agreement that includes: Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Vietnam and the U.S. NCBA believes TPP has the potential to open a number of export opportunities for the U.S. beef industry, but is currently limited by Japan. "Japan's unwillingness to abide by the principles of free trade threatens the entire process," said McCan. "We encourage USTR to remain vigilant and to continue to push the Japanese toward tariff elimination on beef."



Cantor's Defeat Means Trouble for Immigration Reform


House Majority Leader Eric Cantor lost his primary Tuesday night to Tea Party candidate Dave Brat. Cook Political Report House analyst David Wasserman says this defeat speaks to the GOP primary electorate's distrust for the Republican leadership's flirtations with immigration reform. If an immigration bill wasn't already dead in the House - Wasserman says it is now. Cantor had been considered as the most likely successor to House Speaker John Boehner. Now - the Washington Post has reported Cantor plans to step down as Majority Leader by July 31st. 



Wednesday's Closing   Market Prices


Nov  Soybeans                 1220.6 down 8.6

July Cotton                        8551 down 79

North & South

   Delta Cotton                   N/A

Sept  Corn                         437.4 down 3.6

Sept Rice                           1387.5 up 11.5

Sept  Wheat                       601.4 down 11.4

#16 Sugar Sept                  2518 down 12

June  Live Cattle                143-75 up 72.5

Aug  Feeder Cattle             203-50 up 62.5

Don Molino & Neil Melancon 

Please contact us with any questions or feedback regarding information you would like to receive in this e-letter. 


Don Molino

Senior Farm Broadcaster


(225) 291-2727, ext. 210